While the thinking people of the world are trying to slow the speed of climate change, protect wild animals, or even help millions upon millions of people, trees are absolutely the most important part of an answer. The massive collection and destruction of trees – that is to say global deforestation – continues and long-term benefits that standing trees have are sacrificed for short-term gains.
How much forest dissapears?
30 percent of the world’s land area is barely covered in forest, but it is disappearing at breakneck speed. The World Bank postulates that between 1990 and 2016 the planet lost more than 1.3 million square kilometers of trees – the area lost is more extensive than South Africa. A 2015 study by the journal Nature describes deforestation of forests as 46 percent – all trees are felled! Around 17 percent of the Amazon rainforest has been destroyed in the past 50 years – the large-scale clearing is spreading massively.
Whats about Carbon Dioxide?
Trees are absolutely necessary to the earth for a huge number of reasons. They absorb carbon dioxide, which we exhale, and also the dangerous, heat-storing greenhouse gases that we humans generate during our activities. With such gases in our atmosphere, global warming increases. A development that researchers today prefer to call climate change. It is estimated that the tropical tree cover alone can cope with 23 percent of the climate protection that will be necessary in the next decade of years in order to achieve the goals set out in the Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2015.
What are the causes of deforestation?
Mining, drilling, grazing of cattle and intensive agriculture generate more than 50 percent of forest destruction. Urbanization, dirty forestry practices, losses from provoked forest fires make up the worst of the rest. In Indonesia and Malaysia, the forests are cut down, palm oil is produced, which can be found everywhere in consumer goods, whether shampoo or food. In the Amazon region, it is cattle breeding, the farms – here, special attention should be paid to the soy plantations. They are clearly the main culprits.
Brasilias Governement really allows deforestation?
Just like lumberjacks, the companies they work for. They deliver wood and paper products all over the world. A gigantic number of trees die every month, every year. Companies, many of which do not even act illegally, are building fat, paved roads to get to the last corner of the increasingly sparse forests – this increases the fateful clearing. Forest areas are also subject to collection because of the rapidly increasing urban sprawl, the land is simply needed for houses. Not every destruction of a forest area is willful. Quite a few have arisen due to an unfortunate combination of factors such as overgrazing and forest fire, unfavorable conditions caused by global warming. Of course, overgrazing also affects the growth of young tree shoots.
What can we do in the face of this dire situation?
The invasive clearing of the primeval forests affects animals and people all over the world, the whole planet. More than 300 million people who still populate the forest areas, the savannah areas, need the forest areas to guarantee their livelihood – most of them are part of the poor rural population. 80 percent of all plants and land animals on our globe are at home in the primeval forests.
Due to the brutal deforestation, species such as the Sumatran tiger and especially the orangutan, as well as many bird species, are no longer just threatened with extinction. When the trees are felled, the canopy of the jungle disappears. The normally blocks the sun’s rays during the day and stores the heat at night. The destruction of this protective roof generates extreme fluctuations in temperature. This is extremely unfavorable, more than dangerous, destructive for animals and plants.
How long will it be called jungle further one?
The consequences of deforestation go much further. The rainforest in South America influences regional and probably, definitely, global cycles of water. The South American rainforest is the primary source of water supply in the cities of Brazil, its neighbors. The Amazon is irreplaceable for the cattle breeders, also the soy farmers and those who pillage the forest, to provide with water. The fact is, it could have many other negative, worrying effects that we are unable to predict. The lack of biodiversity and the lack of clean water in the Earth’s primeval forests affects even your morning cup of coffee.
As far as climate change is concerned, clearing trees increases the carbon dioxide content in the air – now the existing carbon dioxide is no longer absorbed. If the area of the destruction of the tropical forests were allocated to one country, this area would be in third place in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions after the USA and China. This is published by the World Resources Institute.
The numbers are more than worrying, but conservationists around the world are positive, with hope. There is a movement that is trying to preserve existing forest ecosystems and to rebuild destroyed tree canopies. Activists as well as organizations are increasingly on the move in the fight against illegal deforestation and illegal mining. The explorer Topher White from National Geographic found a way to use recycled cell phones for acoustic monitoring. The phones hear the chainsaws. The people of Kokota planted more than two million trees on their tiny island. They did this to repair immense damage over the past few decades. Conservationists come together in Brazil. There are no longer only extremely threatening signals, the government will give up protecting the primeval forests.
What should consumers do?
The consumer should purchase the products, the types of meat that he buys from sustainably produced sources, if possible. There are many non-profit groups, such as the Rainforest Alliance or the Forest Stewardship Council, which certify products that they consider sustainable. The World Wildlife Fund offers a palm oil scorecard for consumer brands.
This is human nature …?
The Brazilian Amazon has been the focus of interest for environmental groups for decades. As a result, the rate of deforestation fell briefly for a number of years, while deforestation rose dramatically in eight other countries with Amazon jungles. In the meantime, Brazilian politics have once again sanctioned the exploitation of the rainforest.
That is why 60 percent of the Amazonia, also the countries that are in the shape of a moon, from Bolivia, Colombia to French Guiana, are exposed to just as bad a threat as the Brazilian rainforest. The man-made disaster is due to soybean cultivation, ranching / farming and also tree clearing and a fundamental lack of infrastructure development projects.
And the poor people?
Nowhere in the world is this problem as bitterly serious as in poor, remote Bolivia and inland. Bolivia is known for its desolate and dry highlands. In fact, 70 percent of Bolivia’s land mass makes up part of the Amazon basin. This stretches, with incredible biodiversity, from the foothills to the lowland jungle. The area is larger than California; However, nearly nearly 1,600 square miles are cleared each year, about two-thirds the area of Delaware.
In Bolivia, which is really gigantic in its dimensions, but has less than 10 million inhabitants, has the highest deforestation rates per capita on earth.
Is there only one question?
“By far the most severe deforestation in the Amazon basin,” postulates Eduardo Forno. He is Director of Conservation International in Bolivia’s capital, La Paz.
“We have to ask the question, no matter if. In my opinion this has to do with the institutional weakness – coupled with the country’s great, greedy vision of gaining monetary resources.”
This globally valid vision of the future is all too clear in the forests, farms near Ascencion, about 200 miles north of the city of Santa Cruz, which is a regional capital in the east of the country.
Lumberjacks also roam deep in the jungle in the extreme southwest of the Amazon. They are looking for hardwoods that are sawn into boards and then exported to China.
A crew of two – with a single chainsaw and lots of gas. They cut about 25 trees every day. Silk-cotton hardwood, figs, ceibas, some more than 80 feet high, many decades old.